What Do Chipmunks Eat and How to Feed Them? – Here’s What They Like The Most!

I have always been fascinated by the diverse diets of animals and one particular creature that has caught my attention is the chipmunk. As an avid observer of nature and a lover of these adorable creatures, I often find myself wondering what do chipmunks eat in the wild and how can we provide them with a suitable diet in captivity?

Chipmunks are opportunistic omnivores, which means they consume both plants and animal protein. Their diet primarily consists of nuts, seeds, fruits, berries, and insects, as they are abundant in the wild. However, they are also known to eat bird eggs, small rodents, and even baby snakes when their usual food sources are scarce.

Chipmunks actively collect food during the day and store it in their burrows for later use. They have strong teeth that allow them to crack open hard nuts, and their sensitive noses help them locate food. Overall, chipmunks have a diverse diet and can adapt to various food sources depending on their availability.

What Do Chipmunks Like To Eat The Most?

Chipmunks are small and adorable, but have you ever thought about what they eat? What do wild chipmunks eat?

In the wild, chipmunks are considered opportunistic omnivores, which means that they enjoy both plant-based and animal-based foods. They love to consume nuts, seeds, fruits, berries and insects. They are also known for devouring bird eggs, small rodents, and baby snakes on rare occasions when their typical food sources are scarce.

What nuts do chipmunks eat?

Nuts are for sure the most popular chipmunk food source. Chipmunks like to eat nuts and seeds, including:

  • Acorns
  • Almonds
  • Brazil nuts
  • Cashews
  • Chestnuts
  • Hazelnuts
  • Hickory nuts
  • Mixed nuts (without salt or seasoning)
  • Pecans
  • Pine nuts
  • Pistachios
  • Walnuts
  • Macadamia nuts
  • Sunflower seeds
  • Pumpkin seeds
  • Sesame seeds
  • Flaxseeds
  • Chia seeds
  • Poppy seeds
  • Quinoa
  • Millet
  • Amarnath
  • Buckwheat
  • Barley
  • Oats

What fruits do chipmunks eat?

Chipmunks eat fruits, and berries, including:

  • Apples
  • Bananas
  • Berries (strawberries, blueberries, raspberries)
  • Cherries
  • Grapes
  • Peaches
  • Pears
  • Plums
  • Watermelons
  • Oranges
  • Mandarins
  • Grapefruits
  • Lemons
  • Limes
  • Kiwis
  • Pineapples
  • Pomegranates
  • Mangoes
  • Papayas
  • Guavas
  • Coconuts
  • Avocados
  • Passion fruit
  • Dragon fruit
  • Kiwanos (horned melon)
  • Tomatoes
  • Oranges
  • Mangoes
  • Strawberries
  • Blueberries
  • Raspberries
  • Blackberries
  • Cranberries
  • Gooseberries
  • Currants
  • Huckleberries
  • Bilberries
  • Elderberries
  • Loganberries
  • Mulberries
  • Dewberries
  • Boysenberries
  • Goji berries
  • Clementines
  • Satsumas
  • Kumquats
  • Apricots
  • Nectarines
  • Prunes
  • Raisins
  • Figs
  • Dates
  • Persimmons
  • Quinces
  • Cantaloupes
  • Honeydew melons
  • Passionfruits
  • Kiwifruits
  • Pawpaws
  • Chayote
  • Jujubes
  • Ackee
  • Langsat
  • Longan
  • Lychee
  • Rambutan
  • Soursop
  • Starfruit

Other food eaten by chipmunks in the wild

Insects are also a staple in the chipmunk diet, where they enjoy eating mealworms, beetles, and grasshoppers. From time to time, chipmunks hunt for bird eggs, small rodents, and even baby snakes to ensure survival when their primary food sources are scarce.

Do chipmunks eat mealworms?

Yes, chipmunks are known to eat mealworms. Mealworms are a common source of protein for many small mammals, including chipmunks. Chipmunks are omnivorous and will consume insects, worms, and other small invertebrates as part of their diet. Mealworms can be offered as a treat or supplemental food for chipmunks, providing them with additional nutrients and variety in their diet. However, it’s important to ensure that the mealworms are clean, pesticide-free, and obtained from a reputable source before offering them to chipmunks.

What Do Pet Chipmunks Eat?

Chipmunks are also kept as pets, and it’s important to note that their dietary needs differ significantly from their wild counterparts. But, what to feed chipmunks as pets? When feeding a pet chipmunk, it’s important to make sure they have a balanced diet that includes calcium, protein, and other essential vitamins and minerals necessary for their growth and overall health.

Daily Staples

Aim to feed your pet chipmunks a diet that consists of at least 60 to 70 percent high-quality commercial pellet food, 20 to 30 percent fresh vegetables, and about 10 percent fresh fruits. You can provide them with commercially available hamster or squirrel food, which would provide adequate nutrition.

Occasional Treats

You can also treat your pet chipmunks with occasional snacks such as crickets, mealworms, walnuts, and almonds. But make sure that these treats are limited and don’t constitute most of their diet.

Foods to Avoid

Avoid feeding your pet chipmunk with processed or junk foods. These types of foods are not healthy for them and can cause health issues such as obesity and malnutrition. Also, avoid feeding them dairy products, sugary or salty foods, or any food that is toxic to animals, such as chocolate, avocado, or onions.

Can chipmunks eat chocolate?

No, chipmunks should not eat chocolate. Chocolate contains a substance called theobromine, which is toxic to chipmunks and many other animals. Consumption of even small amounts of chocolate can cause various health issues for chipmunks, including diarrhea, vomiting, rapid breathing, abnormal heart rhythm, seizures, and in severe cases, it can even be fatal. It is best to avoid feeding chipmunks any form of chocolate to ensure their well-being.

By following these guidelines and providing your pet chipmunk with a suitable and nutritious diet, you can help them live a healthy, happy life in captivity.

Tips for Feeding Your Pet Chipmunk

Feeding your pet chipmunk can be a delightful experience if done correctly. Before introducing any new food to your pet’s diet, it’s important to know their nutritional needs. Pet chipmunks have different needs compared to the ones in the wild.

Unlike their wild counterparts, they have limited access to a vast range of food, as they are not allowed to roam around freely as their wild counterpart. This makes it vital to understand the right diet for your pet and how you can maintain their weight and provide them with the necessary nutrients. Here are some tips to help you feed your pet chipmunk appropriately:

Additional Resources

There is a wide range of additional resources to help you maintain your pet chipmunk’s diet and provide them with a healthy and balanced diet. You can consult with a veterinarian who is experienced in exotic animal care or check online resources that offer guidance on feeding pet chipmunks. Some resources that you can refer to include:

  • The Association of Exotic Mammal Veterinarians, which offers advice on nutrition and other care for exotic pets.
  • Specialist forums and social media groups where pet owners share their experiences of feeding their chipmunk pets and offer advice on how to maintain their health and fitness.

Following the above tips and making good use of additional resources can help you maintain your pet chipmunk’s diet and keep them healthy and happy.


How to prevent chipmunks from entering your home?

To keep chipmunks away from your home, it’s vital to remove anything that may attract them. You could start by creating a small area around your house with no plants, instead opting for gravel or rocks. Furthermore, make sure there is no shelter that could provide a hiding spot for them. You may also need to take extra precautions such as installing underground barriers that make it harder for them to dig beneath the surface. Lastly, feeding them foods that are part of their natural diet could help decrease their interest in your plants.

Are chipmunks harmful at home?

Having chipmunks around your house can lead to issues such as property damage and disease transmission. These animals are attracted to human dwellings due to the availability of food, water and shelter, and can cause burrowing damage as they attempt to enter homes. To prevent chipmunks from causing problems, it is important to understand their dietary preferences and provide alternative food sources. Additionally, removing cover and food sources, planting plant-free borders, and utilizing L-shaped footers can help deter chipmunks from entering your property.

Why do chipmunks stay near your home?

Chipmunks have a tendency to frequent human residences due to the availability of resources such as food, shelter, and water. These little critters can cause harm and spread diseases, making it essential to understand their dietary needs for proper management. Preventive measures like planting plant-free borders, eliminating cover and potential food sources, and constructing L-shaped footers can discourage burrowing and entry into homes. Including cereals and nuts in their diet can also help manage the impact of chipmunks on gardens.


So, there you have it! Now you know what chipmunks eat – a little bit of everything, depending on what’s available. These resilient critters are quite resourceful when it comes to foraging for food, and will do whatever it takes to survive. Whether it’s munching on nuts and berries, or chowing down on insects and even small rodents, chipmunks have a diverse palate that keeps them well-fed all year round.

Next time you’re out in the woods or hiking through a park, keep an eye out for chipmunks scurrying about. Who knows, maybe you’ll catch one in the act of collecting food for later! And if you want to help out your local chipmunk population, why not leave a few nuts or seeds out for them to find? Just be sure to do so responsibly, so as not to disturb their natural feeding habits. Happy chipmunk watching!

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