Are Squirrels Omnivores? (Here’s the TRUTH)

As an experienced observer of squirrels, I have dedicated many years to understanding their dietary habits. We know that squirrels are omnivores, meaning they can forage for plants, nuts, fruits and insects but also scavenge for carrion or eggs from birds’ nests. But what does this mean exactly? Are squirrels really omnivores? In this blog post, I will analyze the dietary habits of squirrels to answer the question: are squirrels truly omnivores?

Squirrels are omnivores, meaning they feed on both plant and animal material. They forage for nuts, seeds, fruits and insects and may also scavenge for carrion or eggs from birds’ nests. Their diet varies depending on the season and local environment, but typically includes fungi, flowers, buds, fruit and sometimes small vertebrates such as frogs, lizards or birds. Omnivorous squirrels can even supplement their diet with bird feeders, complementing their natural foraging diet.

Are Squirrels Omnivores?

Squirrels are omnivores, meaning that they feed on both plant and animal material. They forage for nuts, seeds, fruits and insects, combining these foods with more unconventional sources like carrion and eggs from birds’ nests. Therefore, their diet is highly variable and can depend on the season and local environment.

Typically, squirrels consume fungi, flowers, buds, fruit, tiny vertebrates such as frogs or lizards, as well as birds. What’s even more impressive is that they also supplement their wild diet with food found in bird feeders. Overall, their consumption habits give evidence to the fact that squirrels are omnivores.

What Do Squirrels Eat?

There are certain food types which squirrels will try to avoid if possible – these include peanuts coated in sugar or other unhealthy snacks that humans sometimes love to give them.

On the other hand, a few of their favourite meals include all kinds of seeds: sunflower seeds, pumpkin seeds and safflower seeds being among them. Additionally, they enjoy different types of nuts like acorns or almonds. Fruits such as apples or plums can also be seen as part of a squirrel’s meal plan.

Nutrition Requirements for Squirrels

For a healthy life style it is absolutely essential for squirrels to obtain the nutrients needed from their diet. The major portion of their nutrition should come from proteins found in different food sources like grains, seeds and nuts but also from the occasional insect.

  • Proteins
  • Fats
  • Vitamins
  • Minerals
  • Carbohydrates

Apart from this macronutrients composition required by any mammal species – including squirrels – vitamins, minerals and fats should not be forgotten either. All these components taken together form a balanced diet which makes sure a proper physical development of the animals over time.

Types of Food Squirrels Eat

  1. Nuts: acorns, almonds, hazelnuts etc.
  2. Seeds: pumpkin seeds; sunflower seeds; safflower etc.
  3. Fruit: apples; plums; pears etc.

While these remain constant throughout different parts of the world where squirrels live there are several other type of food depending on regional availability: insects; fungi; small invertebrates; carrion; eggs found in birds’ nests etc.

What is the Difference between Carnivores, Herbivores, and Omnivores?

The distinction between carnivores, herbivores, and omnivores is rooted in their diets. Carnivores are strictly meat-eaters; they feed on the flesh of other animals. Herbivores, on the other hand, rely solely on plants for sustenance. Omnivores, however, have evolved to eat both animal flesh and vegetation.

The Benefits of an Omnivorous Diet for Squirrels

Squirrels have the unique advantage of being able to adapt their diets to their environment and feed on both plants and meat. This is known as an omnivorous diet, and it offers plenty of benefits for squirrels.

An omnivorous diet helps squirrels find nutrition sources in a variety of places, which can give them an edge in surviving harsh winters and other difficult times. It also provides them with greater access to nutrients that are vital for their health, such as fatty acids, protein, vitamins, and minerals.

How to Attract Squirrels to Your Yard

Attracting squirrels to your yard is a great way to observe these interesting creatures in their natural habitat. To attract them, offer a variety of foods including nuts, fruits, and dried corn.

Provide plenty of water sources for drinking and bathing and provide safe places for them to hide or take shelter. Create a habitat by providing natural materials like logs or tree stumps, as well as leaf-covered ground surfaces that will allow them to forage for food.

Suitable Foods to Feed Squirrels in Your Yard

If you want to attract squirrels to your yard, you can provide them with a variety of nuts and seeds that are safe for them to eat. Suitable foods to feed squirrels include sunflower seeds, pumpkin seeds, walnuts, almonds, peanuts, hazelnuts, hickory nuts and acorns. Fruits such as apples, strawberries and cherries can also be fed to squirrels as long as they are cut up into small pieces.

It is important to remember not to feed squirrels processed foods or junk food since these items are unhealthy for them. It’s also a good idea to avoid feeding them dairy products like yogurt or cheese.

Creating a Natural Habitat to Attract Squirrels

Creating a natural habitat to attract squirrels is an ideal way to welcome these beautiful creatures into your yard. To do so, start by providing them with the food sources they naturally enjoy, such as nuts and seeds. You can also provide bird feeders that will attract birds whose droppings provide a food source for squirrels.

In addition to providing food, ensure the presence of plenty of trees and shrubs. Squirrels love to climb and explore these areas, and you’ll often find them hopping from branch to branch in search of food or protection. Installing nesting boxes can also serve as a great home for resident squirrels.


Are there any squirrels that eat meat?

Squirrels are generally known as omnivorous creatures, meaning they consume both plant and animal material. Whilst the majority of their diet consists of things like fungi, nuts, fruits, eggs and small insects, some species do feed on small animals such as reptiles and amphibians. Therefore, it is not uncommon for squirrels to possess a carnivorous diet.

Do squirrels consume other animals as food?

Squirrels are known to be versatile in their diets, enjoying a range of foods. In addition to plant-based sustenance like fungi, seeds, nuts and fruits, they will sometimes consume meaty snacks such as eggs, small bugs, caterpillars and even juvenile snakes. So yes, these bushy-tailed rodents do scavenge for non-vegetarian meals now and again!


From the context, it is clear that squirrels are omnivores. They feed on a variety of plant and animal material such as nuts, seeds, fruits, insects and sometimes small vertebrates. Furthermore, they can supplement their diet using bird feeders to get additional nutrients. This shows that squirrels have an incredibly diverse diet that allows them to thrive in different environments.

In conclusion, are squirrels omnivores? Absolutely! These creatures show amazing adaptability and ingenuity when it comes to finding food sources in their environment. Whether it’s foraging for natural items or supplementing their diet with food from bird feeders, these creatures demonstrate why omnivores can be so successful.

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