Squirrel Control: A Complete Guide on How to Get Rid of Those Pesky Critters!

As a lifelong nature lover and someone with years of experience observing and interacting with squirrels all around the world, I am here to help you get rid of those pesky critters. Squirrel control can be tricky, but don’t worry! Here, I’ll guide you through the complete process of taking the necessary steps, so you can say goodbye to your troublesome little friends. With my expertise on the matter, this guide will provide all the tricks and tips for successful squirrel control.

To remove squirrels from your yard, the best course of action is to modify their environment to make it less suitable for them. This can be done by trimming overhanging tree branches, removing bird feeders, and sealing up holes or cracks in walls and roofs. Also, place a fence around the garden and use mesh netting to block off vulnerable areas. Lastly, set up traps with bait such as nuts or corn to help capture the squirrels and relocate them away from your home.

What Is Squirrel Control?

Squirrel control is the process of managing and reducing wild squirrel populations in residential, recreational and agricultural areas. It includes a variety of techniques, such as habitat modification, exclusion techniques, frightening devices, repellents, trapping, relocation, euthanasia and disposal. There are also unconventional strategies for controlling squirrels like those found in chimneys or basements.

When it comes to controlling squirrels, safety is paramount for both humans and animals. That’s why it’s important to understand the regulations in place for controlling these creatures before embarking on any effort. For example, some states have very strict rules about the use of toxic ants while other places may allow certain kinds of traps depending on the species of squirrels that need to be controlled.

The Basics Of Squirrel Control

Preventative measures should always be taken when attempting to control wildlife populations. This often entails modifying the environment through habitat transformation such as trimming overhanging tree branches, removing bird feeders and sealing up holes or cracks in walls and roofs. A fence can also be erected around gardens with mesh netting used to block off vulnerable areas.

  • Trim Trees & Remove Bird Feeders
  • Seal Up Holes & Cracks In Walls
  • Erect Fence Around Garden
  • Use Mesh Netting To Block Vulnerable Areas

Regulations On Controlling Squirrels

Before attempting any kind of squirrel control method, it’s essential that people familiarize themselves with applicable local laws regarding humane and safe pest management procedures. Depending on the location, certain techniques may be prohibited such as traps that cause physical harm or toxic ants that can have damaging effects on other animals or humans. These particular types of traps and toxic ants will vary from state to state, so it’s important to research the specific regulations in your area.

  • Familiarize yourself with local pest management regulations
  • Avoid use of prohibited traps & toxic ants
  • Research species-specific regulations

How To Prevent Squirrel Damage

Preventing squirrel damage starts with exclusion. By creating barriers such as chicken wire, electric fencing, and bird netting around the perimeter of your property, you can effectively exclude squirrels from accessing potential food sources or nesting spots. Consider trimming branches that extend from trees and buildings to reduce access. Additionally, you can use repellents such as predator urine, garlic-based sprays or ultrasonic deterrents to make premises less attractive for squirrels.

Habitat Modification

Habitat modification is a great way to control squirrels. It involves dozens of methods that limit access to food, water and shelter – all elements essential to their survival. Practices such as planting hedges, setting up fences or trimming vines and other foliage can reduce the chances of squirrels entering your yard. The goal is to make your property unattractive to them, so they will look for other sources instead.

Exclusion Techniques

When it comes to squirrel control, exclusion techniques are often the best and safest method. This includes blocking access to their nesting and denying sites, or creating one-way doors, so they can get out but can’t get back in. Additionally, sealing potential entry points such as cracks in walls, chimneys and roofs, installing fencing around trees, and using mesh guards over vents can be used. Besides, visual deterrent methods such as motion activated lights, noisemakers and bright-colored flags may help keep squirrels away.

Frightening Devices

Frightening devices are a non-lethal method of controlling squirrels. These products produce noise and flashing lights to scare animals away from gardens, bird feeders, and other areas they’re not welcome. Ultrasonic repellents can also be used to deter squirrels from getting too close.

While these methods usually require regular maintenance and can prove ineffective in some cases, they do offer a humane alternative for those who don’t want to resort to trapping or shooting. Be sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions for installation and use for maximum effectiveness.


Repellents are a safe and humane way to help deter squirrels from your property. Common active ingredients in squirrel repellents include garlic, red pepper, and predator urine or feces. Additionally, adding ammonia-soaked rags around the area can also help discourage their presence. For best results, reapply these repellents periodically.

Squirrels In Chimneys And Basements

In some areas it is common for tree squirrels to take up residence in a building’s chimney or basement. To remove them from these areas without harming them one-way exclusion doors can be installed so that they can leave but cannot get back inside. Make sure all openings are sealed securely before doing this otherwise you risk trapping them inside permanently.

How To Get Rid Of Squirrels

Getting rid of squirrels can be a tricky business and the best way to go about it is by taking a holistic approach. Depending on the situation, this could involve anything from home inspection for squirrels and setting traps to exclusion techniques and habitat modification.

Home Inspection For Squirrels

A thorough home inspection should be carried out in order to identify any possible entry or damage points left by the squirrels. Some of these may include holes or cracks in walls, roofs, chimneys etc. Sealing up any such areas can greatly reduce their likelihood of returning.

Moreover, traps with bait like nuts or corn can be set up to capture and then relocate the squirrels away from your home. There are various different types of traps including cage traps, body-gripping traps and foothold traps that are used for different scenarios.

Cage Traps

Cage traps are an effective way to control squirrel populations. They provide an easy, humane, and safe way to remove squirrels from your property or home. When set up properly and monitored regularly, cage traps are the best choice for safely containing and relocating the critters.

Body-Gripping Traps

Body-gripping traps, also known as kill traps, are among the oldest and most reliable methods for controlling squirrels. These traps are lethal and should be used with great caution. They come in a variety of sizes and types, including single-spring traps, multi-spring traps, coil springs and cage traps. Before setting body-gripping traps, remember to mask the trap with adhesive tape. This will prevent accidental catching of non-target animals. Always check these traps daily to avoid animal distress or suffering.

Foothold Traps

Foothold traps are a popular and effective method for trapping squirrels. They involve a mechanical trap that is placed around an area of activity such as a tree or fence line. Trapping should only be done after careful consideration, as wildlife may be injured when using them. It’s important to check traps at least once daily and to release any non-target animals immediately.

Exclusion & Repairs

Any damage done by squirrels must be repaired as soon as possible in order to prevent further problems. This includes fixing any cracks, holes or other entry points that the rodents have created, as well as sealed foundation vents, roof vents and chimneys with steel mesh coverings.


Once the squirrel has been captured using a trap, it must be relocated far enough away to not become a nuisance again. In some cases, depending on local regulations, it may even be possible to transport them back into their natural habitat.


Another option available is translocation – which involves moving the trapped animal to an area elsewhere where it will survive and thrive without doing damage to property or people – however relocating wildlife is generally only allowed in certain circumstances. It is also important not to move an animal too far as they may struggle to adapt in their new environment.


Euthanasia is the last option to consider when attempting to control squirrels and should be used with caution. It involves killing the animal in a humane manner, such as using carbon dioxide, anesthesia or lethal injection. Euthanizing animals can be done professionally by certified wildlife experts, who are equipped and trained to do so safely. As much as possible, attempts should be made to capture the animal and relocate it before resorting to euthanasia.


After they have been euthanized, the carcasses of squirrels must be disposed of responsibly. Any dead animals should not be left lying around where they may attract other scavengers or create a health hazard for people or other animals. The best way to dispose of them is to bury them at least two feet below ground in an isolated spot away from public areas. Take care that any body fluids are sealed up in bags and placed into the same grave.

Unconventional Strategies For Controlling Squirrels

In some areas, unusual methods may be permissible for controlling squirrels. These include methods such as hunting, trapping and shooting, although these can only ever be used if allowed under specific regulations. Certain sounds or scents can also deter squirrels – such as ultrasonic sounds, predator urine or predator decoys – but these often need replenishing or replacing over time.

Toxic ants

Whether it’s in your backyard or rooftop, squirrels can be a nuisance if their population isn’t properly managed. Toxic ants are a less-than-ideal method for controlling squirrel populations, as there is potential for impacting other wildlife species and the environment. If absolutely necessary, there are some available toxicants that have been registered for use to control squirrels, like zinc phosphide, but using them should always be done with extreme caution.


Shooting is a viable method for removing tree squirrels, but it must be done with caution and safety in mind. To ensure the safest possible option, use a pre-application of masking tape before shooting. This will help to minimize the risk of injury or death to non-target animals. Additionally, always take into account local regulations for hunting and discharging firearms.

Safety Precautions

  • Never shoot a gun near people or pets.
  • Always wear protective gear when handling any firearm.
  • Only use appropriate ammunition designed specifically for the type of gun being used.
  • Do not attempt to handle live traps alone — always work with an experienced companion.

Furthermore, professional pest management services are available that come with experience in capturing and relocating nuisance wildlife from residential areas without causing harm.

Precautions To Take When Controlling Squirrels

Health And Safety

When dealing with wild animals like squirrels it is important to take certain precautions for your own safety and health, as well as those around you. Adequate protection equipment such as thick gloves and long sleeves should always be worn when capturing or handling wildlife. Additionally, hand-washing after contact is also highly recommended.

Under no circumstances should pesticides ever be used when attempting to control squirrel populations since these could potentially harm non-target species or the environment at large. Instead of poison baits or other harmful substances it is better to look into alternatives such as habitat modification techniques or exclusion methods which are both effective and compliant with legal requirements.

Professional Services For Controlling Squirrels

If you prefer having an expert deal with your pest problem instead of doing it yourself then there are several certified professional services available that specialize in rodent control and nuisance wildlife management. These companies provide efficient solutions for homeowners looking for support on curb populations and suppression of squirrels by carrying out both preventive measures and elimination tactics.


What is the most effective method of managing gray squirrels?

The best way to control gray squirrels is to implement a multipronged approach. This includes: removing food sources that attract them, scaring them away with loud noises or motion-activated devices, using sprays to make areas unattractive, preventing access to spaces through exclusion methods and using deterrents like repellent granules or spray.

How can we prevent the spread of gray squirrels?

Grey squirrels can be a nuisance when they spread around. To prevent further disruption, there are several ways that can be used to stop them:

  • Eliminate any food sources such as nuts, seeds, and fallen fruit.
  • Scare off any gray squirrels with loud noises or by spraying them with water.
  • Exclude them from getting into places using barriers and traps.
  • Using deterrents such as scent repellents or taste aversion agents like hot peppers.

What methods can be used to manage squirrel populations?

There are several options available to help control squirrel populations. These include scare tactics, repellents, exclusion barriers, and deterring them with bitter-tasting products. With any of these methods, it is important to remove whatever is attracting the squirrels in the first place, like fallen fruits and nuts. Additionally, it is important to never feed a squirrel as they will come back expecting more.

What methods can be used to manage squirrel populations?

Controlling a squirrel population requires a multipronged approach. It begins with removing what attracts them such as fallen fruit, nuts and seeds. Deterrents such as sprinklers, scare devices and even repellents are all methods to reduce their presence. Excluding them from areas they frequent by caulking entry points and trimming plants away from structures also helps. Finally, don’t feed them as this will further attract them.

How can we manage the population of squirrels?

There are several methods of controlling squirrels. These include: removing attractants such as fallen fruit, nuts and seeds; scaring them away through loud noises; spraying them with water or repellents; excluding them from certain areas with fencing or netting; deterring them by altering their habits; and repelling them with smells, taste or sound devices.

At what time of day do GREY squirrels usually gt most active?

Grey squirrels are most active during the day, usually between dawn and dusk. They spend their daylight hours foraging for food, playing and interacting with other squirrels, and nesting. During the summer months, they can be seen most often right around midday when the weather’s warmest.

What methods do farmers used to remove squirrels from their land?

Farmers have several options when it comes to getting rid of squirrels. These include: removing any attractive food sources, scaring them away with loud noises, spraying them with water or a special repellent, erecting barriers to limit their access and using specific deterrents designed to repel them.


Overall, with a bit of effort and knowledge, you can successfully remove squirrels from your garden. By following the steps outlined in this guide – from trimming overhanging tree branches, to removing bird feeders, to setting traps – you will be well on your way to controlling those pesky critters. Squirrel control can be hard work, but it doesn’t have to be. With the right tools and techniques, you will have those furry little critters under control in no time.

No matter what size garden or yard you have, squirrel control is possible! Keep in mind that it will take patience and diligence, but with the proven methods outlined here, soon enough your garden will be peaceful and free of unwanted squirrel visitors. So don’t wait any longer – get out there and start taking charge of your lawn’s squirrel control today.

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